These articles reiterate a number of ideas that have been published in the Narrow Lines, the magazine of the 7mm Narrow Gauge Association.

They are presented here in a condensed form as an easily accessed resource examining how the AFK was conceived and how it operates.

The cost of this compaction is that (unlike the magazine articles) there is little citation of literature or examples to authenticate these ideas.

Some information also duplicates that to be found on other parts of the website but has been included here to present a coherent whole.

The essays attempt to provide the answers to a number of questions which have been repeatedly asked about the layout on various internet forums.

These essays and ideas refer to the methods by which the AFK was developed. It is not intended that this section acts as a prescriptive or definitive template that other people should follow.

I hope that you find something of interest herein.
A basis in reality
An analysis of prototypical continental NG operating practices
The model's history
A history of the AFK as a model
The AFK's setting
The background to the AFK's environment
The considerations underpinning the timetable
Load generation
An examination of the methods use to create wagon loads
Playing trains
The running of trains on model railways
Out of control
The problems afffecting the real railway as replicated by the AFK
The two buttons below provide a short cut to articles about the original layout which are perhaps of more interest to those contemplating setting up an operating scheme for a small layout such as a single through station to loops or a terminus to fiddleyard.
The original layout
An overview of the original layout
Operating the original Fenditavalat
Operating the original layout
The AFK's signalling system
A cornucopia of bizarre ideas to anyone steeped in British tradition!